Capturing CO2 from Air: World’s largest plant starts up in Iceland

According to the companies behind it, Wednesday saw the start of operation for the world's largest carbon dioxide-sucking plant and turned into rock.

Orca is the name of the plant. It is made up four units. Each unit has two metal boxes. These are similar to containers used for maritime transport.

According to Climeworks in Switzerland and Carbfix in Iceland, the plant can draw out 4,000 tonnes (CO2) from the air each year when it is operating at full capacity.

This is equivalent to about 870 cars emitting emissions, according to the US Environmental Protection Agency.

The plant uses fans to extract carbon dioxide from the air. This is done by placing a filter material within the collector.

After the CO2 has been absorbed through the filter material, the collector is sealed and the temperature is increased to allow the CO2 to escape. The highly concentrated gas can then be collected.

The CO2 is then mixed in with the water and injected into the basalt rock at a depth 1,000m.

Carbon capture and storage (CCS), as it is commonly known, can be a powerful tool in combating climate change.

Critics argue, however, that the technology is still too expensive and could take years to scale up.


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